“We, the people of Cambodia
Accustomed to having been an outstanding civilisation, a prosperous, large, flourishing and glorious nation, with high prestige radiating like a diamond
Having declined grievously during the past two decades, having gone through suffering and destruction, and having been weakened terribly,
Having awakened and resolutely rallied and determined to unite for the consolidation of national unity, the preservation and defense of Cambodia’s territory and precious sovereignty and the fine Angkor civilisation, and the restoration of Cambodia into an ” Island of Peace” based on multi-party liberal democratic responsibility for the nation’s future destiny of moving toward perpetual progress, development, prosperity, and glory,”
(preamble of the Constitution of Cambodia, 21 September 1993)
Official English name: Kingdom of Cambodia
Conventional short form: Cambodia
Official Cambodian name
[Preay Reach Chea Na Cha Kampuchea]
(Kingdom of Cambodia)
Formal Cambodian name
(The Country of Cambodia)
Colloquial Cambodian name
(the land of the Khmers)
Conventional short form
Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–1970)
Khmer Republic (1970-1975)
Democratic Kampuchea (1975-1979)
People’s Republic of Kampuchea (1979-1989)
State of Cambodia (1989-1993)(United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC))
The first Cambodian flag came into existence around 1863. It was quite similar to the Cambodian flag currently used. The Cambodian flag was adopted on June 30, 1993. It was originally adopted on October 29, 1948 and remained until October 1970. The Cambodian flag once again resurfaced in 1993 with the reestablishment of the Cambodian monarchy.
The flag of Cambodia consists of three horizontal stripes – the top and bottom stripes are blue and of equal size; and the center stripe is a larger red one with a white emblem representing the towers of Angkor Wat in the middle of it.
The blue colour symbolizes the country’s royalty. The red represents the nation and the white represents the religion, beginning with Brahmanism, and the current major religion – Buddhism. The emblem of the temple represents the structure of the universe.
The national anthem of Cambodia, បទនគររាជ [Nokor Reach](Majestic Kingdom) was based on a Cambodian folk tune. The lyrics were written by Chuon Nath in 1950. The anthem was replaced in 1970, when the monarchy was abolished. After the communist victory in 1975, the “Nokor Reach”, was reinstated for a short while. The anthem was restored again after the 1993 elections.
Spirits protect our King
And give him happiness and glory
To reign over our souls and our destinies,
The one being, heir of the Sovereign builders,
Guiding the proud old Kingdom.
Temples are the deep forest’s mystery
Remembering the glory of the grand kingdom
Like a rock the Khmer race is eternal.
Let us trust in the fate of Kampuchea
The empire which challenges the ages.
Chants rise up from the pagodas
Chanting with pleasure recalling Buddhism
Let us be faithful to our ancestors’ religion.
Thus heaven will lavish its bounty
Towards the ancient Khmer country, The Grand Kingdom.
The Royal Arms of Cambodia shows a golden sword (symbolising the power and equal justice) atop two ceremonial bowls, above it is the sacred “Aum”, below is a laurel wreath and the Royal Order. The Arms is supported by two creatures; a Gajasingha and a Singha (the force of the Cambodian people around the throne), they are holding two five-tiered royal umbrellas (signifying the king and queen). Atop the arms is the Royal crown with rays of light (the sun rays of the Khmer civilisation) emitting from it. Below is a ribbon with the words in Khmer script: [Preah Chao Krung Kampuchea](King of the Kingdom of Cambodia).
The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic, and cultural center of Cambodia.
Phnom Penh has been the Khmer capital from the mid 15th century AD, when it was named Chaktomuk.
See our Cambodian geography post.
See our The people of Cambodia post post.
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