Geography

Cambodia is a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap.

Location

Cambodia is located in South-East Asia. Cambodia is bordered by Thailand to its northwest, Laos to the northeast and Vietnam on its eastern side. The Cambodian southeast coastline is situated on the Gulf of Thailand.

Location of Cambodia within South-East Asia
Location of Cambodia within South-East Asia


Time Zone

GMT/UTC +7 hours

Geographic Coordinates

13 00 N, 105 00 E

Area

Total 181,035 sq. km
Land 176,515 sq. km
Water 4,520 sq. km

Land boundaries

Total 2,572 km
Of which with Laos 541 km, with Thailand 803 km and with Vietnam 1,228 km.

Coastline

443 km

Climate

Cambodia enjoys a tropical climate; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation.
Read more about Cambodia’s climate or check the weather forecast.

Terrain

mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north.

Elevation map of Cambodia
Elevation map of Cambodia


Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

Natural resources

Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

Wildlife

Animals found in Cambodia include monkeys, water buffalo, tigers, elephants, leopards, and crocodiles.

Environment – current issues

Logging activities throughout the country and mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand have resulted in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, most of the population does not have access to potable water; declining fish stocks because of illegal fishing and overfishing.


by Rikitikitavi




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